Conflicto de Somalia

En la clase pasada de Geografia trabajamos en los distintos conflictos en el mundo. A Felicitas De Simone y a mi nos toco el conflicto en Somalia.

Que es Somalia?

Somalia es un país ubicado en el llamado Cuerno de África, al este del continente africano. La capital es Mogadiscio. una larga guerra civil, el país se dividió en pequeños estados independientes, sin un poder que lo gobierne en su totalidad. Los idiomas hablados en este país son Somalí y Árabe.

 

El Conflicto

La guerra civil de Somalia es un conflicto que empezó en 1991, ha causado inestabilidad a lo largo del país. Esta colonia británica e italiana está destruida por luchas entre clanes. Las matanzas y los saqueos son hechos cotidianos en la realidad somalí. El gobierno de Somalia perdió el control del estado por los rebeldes y este problema todavía sigue en curso. Las consecuencias son: La ausencia de un efectivo gobierno desde que empezó la guerra civil, el escape de miles de civiles somalíes y la caída de la República Socialista. En conclusión nosotros pensamos que este conflicto es muy peligroso y grave, y que es un problema muy difícil de controlar.

 

Video:

https://youtu.be/9o148IOEDW4

 

 

 

 

La Baja Edad Media

Los cambios producidos en la economía en la Baja Edad Media fue el crecimiento de la producción agrícola y el aumento de la población rural, poco a poco se fue estableciendo una relación permanente entre la ciudad y la zona rural cercana: el campo proveía a la ciudad alimentos y materias primas. Los intercambios medievales eran la importacion y exportacion de las ciudades y puertos que comenzaron a cumplir un significativo rol económico, a partir de la organización de ferias, que eran mercados de grandes dimensiones, permanentes o realizados en épocas determinadas a lo largo del año. Las más importantes se establecieron en las zonas de contacto entre dos circuitos: el comercio mediterráneo y el comercio nórdico o hanseático. En ellas, los comerciantes llevaban a cabo intercambios que les permitían obtener grandes beneficios: mediante el recurso de comprar barato determinados productos en lugares alejados, a precios mucho mas caros en los sitios donde eran escasos. Un buen ejemplo lo constituyo el comercio de seda y especias, provenientes de Oriente, donde eran abundantes y baratas.

The Boy Who Harnessed The Wind

  • The meaning of the word “harness” is to tame.

 

  • William Kamkwamba is a kid who lived in a very poor country in Africa called Malawi and built a windmill that harnessed the wind and powered the water pump to give water to the people.
  • Malawi was a poor African country that was poor. The people there earn their money by working on the tobacco harvesting business.

    • He harnessed the electric wind by building a windmill. The elements that he needed were, a dynamo, blades, wood, metal. The knowledge that he needed to do it was how to use the dynamo, where to place the windmill, and how to build it.
    • Famine: Extreme scarcity of food in one country. Starvation: To don’t have any food and be extremely hungry. Both of these things were happening in the story.
    • I can connect this quote with William’s attitude because he was always determined and never gave up.

 

 

  • The Boy That Harnessed The Wind

 

 

       A 13 year-old kid did what seemed the impossible, he saved his village from starvation.

       William Kamkwamba was a teen who lived in the village of Malawi with his father, mother, sister and his baby brother. William’s family were very poor and his father worked in the tobacco fields. Their main food was corn. They kept the corn in a shed that lasted for the year. One day people in the village got paid 2000 kwachas to the people who signed a form agreeing to cut the trees. The trees were cut, and when it rained, the fields flooded. William had the great idea to build a windmill using dynamo, a bike and a lot of wiring. At first, his father did not approve of his idea but a few days later he put his belief in William and gave him his bike. William started working, and eventually he finished. To the whole village’s surprise, it worked, the windmill William built on his own worked. The windmill harnessed the wind and produced electricity. The water pump started working, and it pumped more water than ever before.

  William Kamkwamba saved his village from starvation, and even death.

 

Immune System

In the last class of Biology we worked with systems. We chose the Immune System. I worked with Tomi Zubizarreta and Mati Hartmann.

A system: In biology, it may refer to the biological or body systems. A biological system is a group of organs that work together to carry out a particular task.

 

The Immune system is made up of special cells, proteins, tissues, and organs which defend the body against infectious organisms and other invaders.

It attacks organisms and substances that invade body and cause diseases.

 

The Structure: The immune system’s five main structures are the tonsils and thymus, which make antibodies (Antibodies help stop intruders from harming the body. When an intruder enters the body, the immune system springs into action). The lymph nodes (acting as filters for foreign particles and cancer cells) and vessels. White blood cells also called Leukocytes are produced or stored in many locations in the body. This network of lymph nodes and vessels throughout the body carries lymph fluid, nutrients, and waste material between the body tissues and the bloodstream. The lymphatic system is an important part of the immune system.

 

Why are they called systems?

They are called systems because a system is a series of small things that together they carry out a particular task.

Connectors

In the last class of Writing Skills the teacher asked us to do a post about connectors.

Addition:  I like chocolate. In addition, I like ice cream.

Comparison: I like both chocolate and ice cream in the same.

Contrast: I like chocolate, however, I think ice cream is better.

Time: I waited for two hours, but eventually he arrived.

Result: I did not study for the test. As a result, I got a bad grade.

Summary: Its a long story, in short, I fell off the stairs.

Example: He is not capable of doing things that a normal person could do easily. For example, he can’t sleep without someone helping him.

Place: My house is on the other side of the road.

 

 

Sickle Cell Anaemia and Malaria

In the last class of Biology our teacher asked us to do this activity of 3 ideas, 2 questions, and 1 metaphor. I worked with Emilia Varela.

 

3 ideas:

  • sickle cell anemia prevents malaria since mosquitoes don’t attack those faulty red blood cells.
  • Sickle cell is normal in places where malaria is normal as well.
  • Sickle cells have a different shape than regular red blood cells.

 

2 questions:

  • Is sickle cell anaemia worse than malaria?
  • Can the red blood cells prevent sickle cell anaemia?

 

1 metaphor:

  • Having sickle cell anaemia in Africa is a life saver.